Joint Concept for Cyberspace (JCC) Background
The Limited Objective Experiments (LOE) that SCALABLE has supported for several years are executed under he auspices of the STRATCOM Joint Concept for Cyberspace (JCC). The following is an online article that provides a good background on the JCC.
10 April 2012
U.S. Strategic Command has approved a new joint concept to support major decisions about doctrine and resources for cyberspace operations, a key step toward final approval of the document by the military’s top officer.
The Joint Concept for Cyberspace, designed to help military forces grapple with fundamental questions about cyberwarfare in the 2020s, now bears the signature of STRATCOM chief Gen. Robert Kehler and will ultimately land on the desk of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey for final approval. In the interim, STRATCOM officials must brief the document, roughly 55 pages, to key Joint Staff officials who oversee military requirements.
“The Joint Concept for Cyberspace will form the basis of joint warfighting doctrine and resourcing decisions to provide the joint force commander with the means to achieve and sustain cyberspace superiority,” STRATCOM spokesman Rodney Ellison told Inside the Pentagon.
The concept, which Kehler signed Feb. 19, “identifies strategic effects and broad military capabilities available to achieve cyberspace superiority,” Ellison said, noting these broad capabilities are “foundational elements” required for other initial capabilities documents that will outline what the military needs to stay aware of threats in cyberspace and conduct attacks in that domain. These initial capabilities documents, he said, are intended to “help identify potential inadequacies within cyberspace and find solutions to resolve them.”
On April 13, STRATCOM officials are scheduled to brief the concept to the functional capabilities board that oversees command, control, communications, computers and cyberspace, Ellison said. Martin Westphal, assistant deputy director of the Joint Staff’s force structure, resources and assessment division (J-8) and the chair of the board, is slated to attend along with Johnny Weida, the deputy director of the Joint Staff’s operational plans and joint force development office (J-7), the spokesman added.
After that, the command would at some point brief the concept to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council, led by Adm. James Winnefeld. Finally, to secure complete approval for the concept, STRATCOM would then brief the document to Dempsey, who has the final say on it. Dates for these briefings have not yet been set, Ellison said.
“Every domain, by definition, has unique features that compel military operations in it to conform to its physical or relational demands,” U.S. Cyber Command chief Gen. Keith Alexander told the Senate Armed Services Committee in prepared testimony for a March 27 hearing. “Doctrine, tactics, techniques and procedures have been under development for millennia in the land and maritime domains, for a century in the air domain, and for decades in space. In the cyber domain, however, we are just beginning to craft new doctrine and tactics, techniques and procedures.”
At the strategic level, defense officials are building organizational structures to ensure they can deliver integrated cyber effects to support national requirements and the needs of combatant commanders, he noted. “We are developing doctrine for a proactive, agile cyber force that can ‘maneuver’ in cyberspace at the speed of the Internet,” Alexander wrote, adding that U.S. officials are looking at the ways in which adversaries might seek to exploit U.S. weaknesses.
At the operational level, Alexander noted, the goals are to establish a single, integrated process to align COCOM requirements with cyber capabilities, to develop functional emphases in the service cyber components and to draft a field manual or joint publication on cyber operations and demonstrate proof of concept for it. Officials are also working on ways to rapidly deconflict operations in cyberspace.
CYBERCOM is working closely with two of the geographically based combatant commands, U.S. Pacific Command and U.S. Central Command, to provide technical expertise and capability and improve integration of cyber capabilities into the COCOM mission planning efforts.
Alexander noted CYBERCOM has placed a full cyber support element with CENTCOM and a partial one with PACOM. The command also plans to deploy such elements to U.S. Africa Command and U.S. Special Operations Command within six months.
“Our goal is to ensure each COCOM has a full sweep of cyber operations to choose from and an understanding of effects these options can produce in their [area of responsibility],” Alexander told the panel.
— Christopher J. Castelli for www.fabioghioni.net